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The Ga people are a small ethnic group comprising a population of nearly 700,000 people in the south of the modern country of Ghana. There are six states of the Ga people: Accra, Nugua, La, Osu, Teshi, and Tema. The original Ga kingdom of Nkran gives the city of Accra its name. In the early part of the 16th century, the Ga Mantse, the title of the kings, extended the kingdom around the present site of the city of Accra.

The Ga chief offerings to the Ancestors
Hooting at hunger

Homowo refers to “hooting at hunger.” This means that hunger cannot rule the people; in other words, hunger has no victims among the Ga because they laugh and hoot at hunger. This festival remembers a massive famine that nearly wiped out the people in the 17th century. Since that time, the Ga have come to realize how fortunate they were to survive as a coherent and intact social group. They celebrate Homowo each year to commemorate their survival and their victory over hunger.

Pouring libations to thank God
Duty Of The Ga Mantse

The Ga Mantse oversees the Homowo Festival, but all the while he never speaks directly to any- one in public. Much like the Akan, the Ga people have a linguist who speaks for the Ga Mantse. This spokesperson, the Otsame, carries a deco- rated staff that identifies him as the person who speaks for the king. Indeed, the staff has a coat of arms that shows a deer standing on the back of an elephant that symbolizes the fact that the small can exercise power over the large.

Proud Ga community members
Ways Of Expressions

expresses the same general characteristics found in other African societies. They refer to other humans as brothers and sisters and are taught to welcome strangers into their homes. Among the Ga, respect for the elderly is at the heart of the cultural customs. This is why the use of proverbs that originated with the ancestors is a major part of the Ga tradition. They love poetry, oral performance, and oratory. The Ga say that one day there was a massive exodus of people from the sea to the land and they looked like ants, thus the name gaga, and the Ga believe that they represent these people.

Getting ready for Homowo
System Of Beliefs

The Ga believe that all things have spirits. They say that the Almighty Deity, Nyomo, cre- ated all spirits and placed them in humans, trees, mountains, and rivers. When the spirits want to communicate with humans, they enlist the ser- vices of priests, priestesses, and oracles that are referred to as Dzema Wagin. The high priests of the religion are called wulomo, and they are chosen to demonstrate care and service to the ancestors and the people. The wulomo practice herbal medicine, ritual ceremonies to maintain balance in the society, and serve as consultants to the Ga Mantse.

Related Story

For the Ga tribe in coastal Ghana, funerals are a time of mourning, but also of celebration. The Ga people believe that when their loved ones die, they move on into another life. They honor their dead with brightly colored coffins that celebrate the way they lived. The coffins are designed to represent an aspect of the dead person's life -- such as a car if they were a driver, a fish if their livelihood was the sea -- or a sewing machine for a seamstress. They might also symbolize a vice -- such as a bottle of beer or a cigarette
For the Ga tribe in coastal Ghana, funerals are a time of mourning, but also of celebration. The Ga people believe that when their loved ones die, they move on into another life. They honor their dead with brightly colored coffins that celebrate the way they lived. The coffins are designed to represent an aspect of the dead person’s life — such as a car if they were a driver, a fish if their livelihood was the sea — or a sewing machine for a seamstress. They might also symbolize a vice — such as a bottle of beer or a cigarette
Craftsmanship of Ga

The Ga are famous for funerals. They are skilled craft persons who make coffins according to the desires and needs of the families. Their belief is that when a person dies, he or she moves to another realm and should take his or her favorite objects with him or her to the new realm. Thus, if one is a pilot, he might want to have a coffin that is an airplane. A taxi driver may want to be buried in a taxi. A person could have a personality trait highlighted, such as wearing white shoes or loving red dresses. In that case, the Ga coffin maker would create a coffin that looked like a white shoe or one that looked like a red dress.

The Ga accept the idea that there is life after death and the spirit (i.e., Susuma) lives on when the person dies.

The rituals performed by the family and the priests throughout the year are done to ensure that the ancestors are revered in the afterlife.

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6 thoughts on “GHANA: The GA People(Tribe)

  1. Please oo
    The GA’s are smallest group in Ghana, but we are more than 700,000
    And also there was no GA kingdom called nkran,
    Thank you for writing something about us.

      1. Les GA du Togo sont arrivés là dans les années 1650, et ils étaient conduits par la Chercher Guerrier OFORI BEMBEM qui est devenu FOLLY BÉBÉ, La guerre contre les AKwamu les a poussés jusqu’au village nommé Aklakou.
        Leur Royaume au Togo s’est établi à Glidji, et certains sont installés à Zowla, Anfoin, et certains villages aubotd du Lac Togo.

  2. The GA people are originally from the GREAT BENIN KINGDOM, currently in the south south of Nigeria 🇳🇬. This The Association of Great Benin Descendants worldwide popularly referred to as GBD was there early this year on an historical visit.

  3. The GA people are originally from the GREAT BENIN KINGDOM, currently in the south south of Nigeria 🇳🇬. The Association of Great Benin Descendants worldwide popularly referred to as GBD was there early this year on an historical visit.

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