DRUGS shortage is likely in the country should the Coronavirus epidemic continue in China, the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) warned on Monday. (Nigeria faces drugs shortage due to Coronavirus, NAFDAC warns)
The agency boss, Prof. Mojisola Adeyeye, said India which Nigeria depends on for a greater percentage of its drug imports, has already been hit by the ravaging effects of the virus.
India buys most of their materials and active ingredients from China while Nigeria imports 70 per cent of its medicines as well as active and non-active ingredients mostly from the South Asian country.
Nigeria, according to NAFDAC, should be worried about the development since ”we don’t manufacture anything here except water.”
The Director-General of the agency, Prof. Mojisola Adeyeye, gave the warning during a news briefing yesterday in Abuja on the African Medicine Quality Forum (AMQF) meeting scheduled for February 24 and 28.
She said: “70 per cent of our drugs are imported and the alarm I am sounding now is one everybody should take seriously. We have drug insecurity because of coronavirus.
Security personnel check the temperature of passengers in the Wharf at the Yangtze River on January 22, 2020 in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. A new infectious coronavirus known as “2019-nCoV” was discovered in Wuhan as the number of cases rose to over 400 in mainland China. Health officials stepped up efforts to contain the spread of the pneumonia-like disease which medicals experts confirmed can be passed from human to human. The death toll has reached 17 people as the Wuhan government issued regulations today that residents must wear masks in public places. Cases have been reported in other countries including the United States, Thailand, Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea
A new SARS-like coronavirus, named 2019-nCoV, originated in Wuhan, China, in December 2019 and has since claimed several lives and spread to a number of countries around the world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the health agency of the United Nations (U.N.), “Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).” The nCoV is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans. As nations struggle to contain the spread of the virus, the WHO declared the outbreak a global health emergency, and has issued an advisory recommending standard precautionary measures that people can take to reduce the transmission of a range of illnesses. Click through to take a look.
“India is already feeling it because they buy most of their materials and active ingredients from China. If India is feeling it, we should start praying because we don’t manufacture anything here except water; we import almost everything – active and non-active ingredients, equipment, etcetera.”
The NAFDAC boss also urged Nigerians to desist from cooking food with paracetamol, especially to soften meat.
She said: “When paracetamol is subjected to heat while cooking with it, it changes to para-aminophenol and benzoquine, which destroys the kidney. We have done a lot of enlightenment because the major problem of our people is ignorance and illiteracy.
“We haven’t made any arrest because to do that, we will need to test the pots of soup containing these substances at our office. Another reason is because we are short of staff, but I think the government is doing something about this.”
On enforcements against peddlers of fake and substandard medicines, Adeyeye said the agency was collaborating with the Pharmacists Council of Nigeria (PCN), especially in markets that are not approved or those known for substandard medicines.
She explained that NAFDAC was also in talks with online stores so that any advertiser that want to sell medicine on their platforms is registered with PCN.
Adeyeye added: “Part of our global bench marking is to have qualitative laboratories with well-trained staff. We have been equipping our laboratories on a daily basis in terms of making sure that whatever we test or we want to test, we have equipment for them, and that our tests are reliable.
“We have five ISO accredited laboratories; however, we want the central drug laboratory to be World Health Organization (WHO) pre-qualified.”
The AMQF is a Technical Working Group of African Medicines Regulatory Harmonization (AMRH), with goal to build and strengthen the capacity of African countries in medicines, quality control and regional post-marketing surveillance.
The Federal Government assured Nigerians, especially those in Wahun, that it was monitoring their health situation through “our Ambassador in China.”
Minister of State for Health, Dr. Olorunibe Mamora, also said the government would not hesitate to evacuate Nigerians in China, especially in Wahun if the need arose.
He said: “We are in touch with our Ambassador in China and the Chinese Ambassador to Nigeria is also in touch with the ministry. We are getting information on the condition of Nigerians in Wuhan and we are monitoring the health of our citizens.
“If and when the need arises to evacuate them, we will do so but we don’t want a situation where we create panic. This is not time for fear, this is not time for stigmatisation, it is time for science.”
Mamora, who spoke at a new conference on the resolutions reached by the Ministers of Health of the Economic Community of West African States on regional preparedness and response to the ongoing Covid-19 (Coronavirus) pandemic, added that the ”Chinese government is testing everyone that is trying to leave China to ensure that they don’t go and spread the virus.”
According to him, the ministers who met in Mali, emphasised the urgency of the current situation regarding Covid-19 (Coronavirus), adding that following expert presentations on the global situation, the ministers resolved to strengthen coordination, communication, and collaboration among member states in preparedness for Covid-19 epidemic, including cross-border collaboration.
Director-General of WAHO, Prof. Stanley Okolo, dismissed reports that the virus cannot not survive in Africa.
He said no country or region was immune, adding that though there might be seasonal variations, weather conditions might determine the rapidity of spread.
A sigh of relief however occurred yesterday as the Chinese government approved the marketing of an anti-viral drug for the treatment of Covid-19, a virus that has claimed 1,770 lives.
The drug, Favilavir, formerly known as Fapilavir, according to a Chinese daily newsletter, has shown efficacy in treating the disease.
As of Sunday, more than 10,844 patients had been cured with the drug and discharged from hospital.
The Chinese National Health Commission also stated that it received 70,548 reports of confirmed cases on the Chinese mainland, including the 1,770 deaths and the 10,844 discharged from hospital. There still remained 7,264 suspected cases.
Also, the Chinese government said it has been able to contain 99 per cent of cases within its borders through lockdowns.
“Since the outbreak, China has been taking decisive and unprecedented measures, including locking down cities, to protect public health both domestically and globally. Thanks to the self-imposed sacrifices, the world has so far not seen a major global outbreak,” the newsletter stated.